Tag Archives: Sarasota

Join Us for a Webinar on Business Basics

Every day is a new reality, especially in times of crisis, when the only constant seems to be change itself.

Whether dealing with challenges faced from COVID-19 or using the current time to plan new ventures, it is important to plan and implement strategies in line with today’s fluid business environment. Whether starting a new business or confirming that your existing business is on track, knowing the basics can help maximize your success.

Join Williams Parker attorneys Jennifer Fowler-Hermes and Elizabeth Stamoulis, accompanied by Kathy Hargreaves, CPA, CFP®, CPC®, of Kerkering and Barberio, for a virtual and interactive presentation covering:

• Basic business and employment documents
• Protecting intellectual property
• Properly classifying workers to avoid missteps
• Tax implications and proper tax registration

BUSINESS BASIC: GETTING IT RIGHT FROM THE START (OR IN THE MIDDLE)

Friday, June 12
10:00 – 11:00 a.m.

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Our Business Solutions team helps business owners and entities assess and manage risk, advise on tax and compliance issues, provide workout and turnaround guidance, and offer creditor, restructuring, and bankruptcy representation. We work with HR executives to assess potential employment liability; review, update, and advise on employment policies; defend employment law claims; and assist with regulatory guidelines. For those seeing opportunity amidst uncertainty, the firm offers start-up guidance on tax, employment, and intellectual property issues. Its attorneys assist commercial and residential landlords and tenants with abatements, deferments, amendments, forbearance, and help identify remedies, including business interruption insurance and updated lease provisions. Should litigation arise, the team is prepared to advocate on your behalf.

PPP Bonuses, Hazard Pay Count Towards Forgivable Payroll Costs, and Other New Guidance

On May 22, 2020, a week after issuing the application form for the CARES Act’s Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) loan forgiveness, the Small Business Administration (“SBA”) released the twenty-six-page interim final rules that provide formal guidance to accompany the application package.

Most of the interim final rules reiterate the substance of the PPP loan forgiveness application, but they also include new pieces of significant guidance such as the inclusion of employee bonuses and hazard pay as forgivable payroll costs when paid to employees earning less than $100,000 a year. Such payments are eligible for forgiveness because, as a supplement to salary or wages, they are considered compensation.

Some of the other significant new guidance includes:

  • a further cap on the forgivable payroll expenses of owner-employees, as not to be confused with self-employed individuals, in an amount that is the lesser of 8/52 of 2019 compensation or $15,385 per employee;
  • application of the above cap across all business, suggesting that someone with an ownership interest in multiple business will be subject to the overall limitation; and
  • safe harbors to protect borrowers from a reduction in full-time employees due to the employees’ actions.

Unsurprisingly, questions remain following the release of the rules, such as the definition of an “owner-employee.” No additional IRS frequently asked questions  have been released to supplement the interim final rules.

IRS Issues Expanded FAQ Guidance on Employee Retention Credit

The Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) has expanded its FAQ guidance on the Employee Retention Credit (“ERC”), which has been discussed in greater detail in a prior post. Enacted as part of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act, the ERC provides a refundable tax credit to eligible employers for certain employment taxes equal to 50 percent of up to $10,000 in qualified wages paid per employee, effective March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2020. However, employers that received loans under the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) are not eligible for the ERC.

The ERC FAQ was originally posted in late March, and the IRS has since continued to update it. The FAQ now has nearly 100 questions posed and answered on major-issue areas such as:

A more recent update relates to the eligibility of an employer who repays its PPP loan in accordance with the Small Business Administration (“SBA”) requirement that a business recertify in good-faith that the PPP loan was “necessary to support ongoing business operations” (previously discussed here, here, and here). Released May 8, 2020, the IRS FAQ 79 states that an employer that applied for the PPP loan, received payment, and “repays the loan by May 14, 2020 . . . will be treated as though the employer had not received a covered loan under the PPP for purposes of the Employee Retention Credit.” Therefore, the employer will be eligible for the credit if the employer is otherwise an eligible employer.

The original deadline for PPP loan repayment was May 7, 2020, but was extended to May 14, 2020 with FAQ 43 of the SBA’s PPP FAQs. The SBA then further extended the repayment deadline to Monday, May 18, 2020 in SBA FAQ 47, following its release of guidance which relieved borrowers with loans of less than $2 million from the “necessity” recertification. While the IRS ERC FAQ has not been updated to reflect the new May 18 deadline, we can only assume that those employers who do make repayment by this time would qualify for the ERC all the same. We note, however, that implicit in IRS FAQ 79 is that employers who do not voluntarily make timely repayment may not claim the ERC. In other words, any employer who is ultimately forced by the SBA to repay the loan would not be allowed to take the ERC.

While the PPP loan was at the top of most employers’ COVID-relief wish lists, and for obvious reasons, the ERC may be the next best option for those who erred on the side of repayment. We are happy to answer any questions employers that opted for repayment may have.

PPP Loans Less Than $2 Million Deemed Certified in Good Faith; Larger Loans Get Penalty Relief But Remain In Cloud of Repayment Uncertainty

On Wednesday, May 13, 2020, just a day before the deadline to recertify or repay Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) loans (previously discussed here), the Small Business Association (“SBA”) made good on its promise to provide further guidance as to what circumstances necessitate repayment with its release of FAQ 46. The new FAQ asks the following question:

“How will SBA review borrowers’ required good-faith certification concerning the necessity of their loan request?”

The first part of the SBA’s answer reveals a safe harbor for borrowers of PPP loans with an original principal amount of less than $2 million. Borrowers who received loans below this threshold will be deemed to have certified in good faith that the loan was necessary, because they “are generally less likely to have had access to adequate sources of liquidity in the current economic environment than borrowers that obtained larger loans.” The SBA also admitted that it has bigger fish to fry, as removing these borrowers from the PPP loan pool will allow it to “conserve its finite audit resources and focus its reviews on larger loans.”

As for the $2 million-and-above borrowers, the FAQ goes on to say that they may still have an adequate basis for making the required good-faith certification depending on their circumstances. If, however, the SBA determines by its review that a borrower lacked an adequate basis for its PPP loan, the SBA will seek repayment of such loan and notify the lender that the borrower is ineligible for loan forgiveness. Further, the SBA will not take administrative enforcement action to collect repayment or make referrals to other agencies if the borrower voluntarily repays the loan after receiving notification from the SBA. The SBA did not offer a specific timeframe within which repayment would prevent administrative enforcement.

Borrowers who did receive loans of $2 million or more should consider setting aside enough funds to make a repayment should the SBA require it, though one wonders whether the SBA could use retention of such reserves as a basis to question the necessity—and hence the qualification—of the loan. That seems like an unfair catch-22, motivating “larger” small businesses to stop paying employees after the PPP measuring period ends. We hope the SBA will provide more clarification to help these businesses avoid that dilemma and to encourage businesses to continue deploying funds to keep their workforces in place after the PPP measurement period ends.

The SBA also released FAQ 47 later in the day on May 13, which automatically extends the repayment date to Monday, May 18, 2020. The stated reason for this extension is “to give borrowers an opportunity to review and consider FAQ 46.” The practical significance of FAQ 47 as it relates to the necessary-ness certification is unclear, given the penalty relief provided by FAQ 46.

Why Individuals Should Care About the CARES Act: Retirement Plans and Charitable Contributions

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”) provides various relief provisions for individuals, including provisions that benefit individuals in relation to their retirement plans and that provide an increase in allowable charitable deductions. Continue reading

PPP Repayment Deadline Extended But Confusion Remains

On May 5, 2020, the Small Business Administration (“SBA”) in consultation with the Department of Treasury (“Treasury”) announced in a new online FAQ that it is giving extra time for companies to repay loans they applied for and received in good faith under the initial guidance provided by the SBA to the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”). Originally set for May 7, 2020, the deadline to repay the loan without incurring penalties is now extended to May 14, 2020. The SBA also stated that it plans to issue “additional guidance on how it will review certification prior to May 14, 2020.” Continue reading

Borrowers Receiving Forbearance Will Not Have to Make Lump-Sum Payment When Forbearance Ends

Borrowers of federally backed loans owned by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac will not have to repay missed payments in a lump sum once their forbearance periods end. Mark Calabria, Director of the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), made this clear in a statement aimed to correct consumer confusion after reports revealed loan servicers were telling borrowers they would have to repay missed payments in a lump sum. This misinformation was problematic for the tens of millions of unemployed Americans who feared they would continue to face financial hardship due to the COVID-19 emergency. Continue reading

No Deduction for Expenses Paid with Forgiven PPP Loan Funds

One of the major business-tax relief provisions of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act is the paycheck protection program (“PPP”) loan forgiveness and the accompanying exclusion of the forgiven amounts from taxable income. Over the past month since the CARES Act’s enactment, the IRS has released guidance clarifying the interaction between PPP loan forgiveness and other provisions of the Act. However, a lingering, big-picture question regarding the deductibility of certain business expenses paid for with later forgiven PPP loan funds remained. Such expenses include mortgage interest, rent obligations, utility payments, and payroll costs—all covered uses of a PPP loan.  Continue reading

Florida’s Road to Recovery Begins

Late yesterday, on April 29, 2020, Florida’s Governor issued his Phase 1: Safe. Smart. Step-by-Step Plan for Florida’s Recovery in Executive Order 20-112 and clarifying FAQs, which will be effective 12:01 a.m. on May 4, 2020, until a new order is issued. Continue reading

SBA Issues Potentially Overbroad Guidance Narrowing PPP Qualification Standards

Lawyers have a saying, “Bad Facts Make Bad Law.”  Recent Small Business Administration guidance regarding the Paycheck Protection Program proves it true in one more case.

Even as Congress moves to approve additional funds to the Paycheck Protection Program, the SBA issued a new FAQ in response to news stories about public companies receiving PPP money.  The FAQ states that “a public company with substantial market value and access to capital markets” may not receive PPP funding.  While understandable with respect to the companies in the headlines, it is concerning that the SBA could apply the guidance more broadly.  Doing so would cause more delays or denial in funding for smaller enterprises, and defeat Congress’ intent to support employee retention by private employers.

This is the new FAQ:

  1. Question: Do businesses owned by large companies with adequate sources of liquidity to support the business’s ongoing operations qualify for a PPP loan?

Answer: In addition to reviewing applicable affiliation rules to determine eligibility, all borrowers must assess their economic need for a PPP loan under the standard established by the CARES Act and the PPP regulations at the time of the loan application. Although the CARES Act suspends the ordinary requirement that borrowers must be unable to obtain credit elsewhere (as defined in section 3(h) of the Small Business Act), borrowers still must certify in good faith that their PPP loan request is necessary. Specifically, before submitting a PPP application, all borrowers should review carefully the required certification that “[c]urrent economic uncertainty makes this loan request necessary to support the ongoing operations of the Applicant.” Borrowers must make this certification in good faith, taking into account their current business activity and their ability to access other sources of liquidity sufficient to support their ongoing operations in a manner that is not significantly detrimental to the business. For example, it is unlikely that a public company with substantial market value and access to capital markets will be able to make the required certification in good faith, and such a company should be prepared to demonstrate to SBA, upon request, the basis for its certification. Lenders may rely on a borrower’s certification regarding the necessity of the loan request. Any borrower that applied for a PPP loan prior to the issuance of this guidance and repays the loan in full by May 7, 2020 will be deemed by SBA to have made the required certification in good faith.

We understand the political motivation behind the guidance.  We also believe applying a strict standard based on a company’s value or a company’s access to outside capital or “other sources of liquidity” is perverse.  Congress intended the PPP to motivate companies to retain employees.  Valuable companies with reserves and access to capital will still furlough or release employees, as demand for their services or products drops.  For even those companies, the PPP is therefore “necessary to support ongoing business operations,” because given the current economic landscape they would not deplete reserves or access other sources of liquidity to retain unprofitable employees.  Understanding Congress wanted employers to retain their employees, we interpret the FAQ narrowly.  We hope the SBA will as well.

Attorney James-Allen McPheeters contributed to this post.