If your family has an irrevocable trust holding closely-held rental real estate investments, a recent Tax Court case may help the trust reduce its Obamacare 3.8% Medicare Surtax bill. It may also help trusts use rental real estate losses to offset other income by avoiding the “Passive Activity Loss” limitations.
The Internal Revenue Service had argued that trusts could not use the same 3.8% Medicare Surtax and Passive Activity Loss planning techniques as individuals respect to rental properties, because trusts could not perform “personal services” in a real estate business to become a “real estate professional” as is necessary for the planning. The Tax Court disagreed, holding a trustee’s time devoted to such activities could satisfy the relevant tests. Here is a link to the opinion:http://www.ustaxcourt.gov/InOpHistoric/FrankAragonaTrustDiv.Morrison.TC.WPD.pdf
The Internal Revenue Code prescribes minimum imputed interest rates and time-value-of–money factors applicable to certain loan transactions and estate planning techniques. These rates are tied formulaically to market interest rates. The Internal Revenue Service updates these rates monthly.
These are commonly applicable rates in effect for April 2014:
Short Term AFR
(Loans with Terms <= 3 Years) 0.28%
Mid Term AFR
(Loans with Terms > 3 Years and <= 9 Years) 1.81%
Long Term AFR
(Loans with Terms >9 Years) 3.32%
(Used in many estate planning vehicles) 2.2%
The Florida Department of State deadline for filing a 2014 Florida Annual Uniform Business Report for Florida business entities and non-Florida entities registered in Florida is May 1, 2014. A non-negotiable late fee of $400 will be added to the Department of State fee for entities that file their Florida Annual Report after May 1, 2014. Failure to file a Florida Annual Report for 2014 will result in the administrative dissolution or revocation of an entity in September 2014.
Annual Reports must be electronically filed at the Florida Department of State’s website: www.sunbiz.org.
Even if you have a professional registered agent, it is your responsibility to file the annual report. If you need assistance, please contact us.
A 1031 Exchange is a popular capital gains deferral strategy for business and investment property. When properly implemented, a 1031 Exchange defers tax on property “sold” if the taxpayer acquires new property within a 180-day window, usually in coordination with an intermediary. Related-party rules typically prohibit use of property owned by the taxpayer or a related party as the purchased property.
A newly-released IRS ruling enables some taxpayers to circumvent the related-party rules, to indirectly use property owned by the taxpayer or a related party to complete a 1031 Exchange. This is accomplished by leasing the property to an intermediary, using the proceeds from the property “sold” for new construction, and then acquiring the newly constructed property and the leasehold, all within the 180-day exchange period.
Treasury recently finalized Regulations under Code Section 83, which governs the taxation of the transfer of property (such as shares of stock, partnership interests, options, or warrants) to persons in exchange for services. Under these rules, the taxable event to the recipient generally occurs upon the earlier of the property being transferrable or when the property is not subject to a substantial risk of forfeiture. The final regulations modify Section 1.83-3(c) to clarify that a substantial risk of forfeiture may be established “only” through a service condition or a condition related to the purpose of the transfer. In determining whether a substantial risk of forfeiture exists, both the likelihood that the forfeiture will occur and the likelihood that the forfeiture will be enforced must be considered. Also, a transfer restriction that provides for the forfeiture or disgorgement of all or a portion of the property in the event of a violation of the restriction generally does not create a substantial risk of forfeiture. Finally, the final regulations incorporate the holding of Revenue Ruling 2005-48 by providing that the only provision of the securities law that would delay taxation under Code section 83 would be if a sale of the property could subject the seller to liability under Section 16(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) (which generally prevents corporate insiders from purchasing and selling corporate securities within 6 months). The final regulations add examples illustrating that a substantial risk of forfeiture is not created solely as a result of potential liability under Rule 10b-5 of the Exchange Act (relating to fraud or insider trading) or as a result of a lock-up agreement.
If you have questions regarding the final regulations or the tax treatment of granting equity interests in corporations or tax partnerships or options to acquire equity interests in exchange for services, please contact: